The basalt rock is covered by a thin cover of soil formed due to erosion and has accumulated a layer of not more than an inch or so. [35] In 2012, the following places were declared as World Heritage Sites:[36][37], The Western Ghats are home to thousands of animal species including at least 325 globally threatened species. Bhattarai et al. Clement Ben, Kolhapur’s chief conservator of forests, hailed the decision as historic, saying that it will ensure the entire stretch of diverse Western Ghats section in Maharashtra is protected. The Karnataka region on average receives heavier rainfall than the Kerala, Maharashtra and Goa. It is situated on the Chiplun - Sangli state highway on the banks of Koyna River. A total of thirty-nine areas in the Western Ghats, including national parks, wildlife sanctuaries and reserve forests, were designated as world heritage sites in 2012 – twenty in Kerala, ten in Karnataka, six in Tamil Nadu and four in Maharashtra. Later it bought the land from villagers at a cheap price to set up four 3.75 MW windmills. The average annual temperature is around 15 °C (59 °F). Praying mantises, ants are common. satara.gov.in). [60][61] A few are adapted to an underground life, including some Monopterus swampeels,[62] and the catfish Horaglanis and Kryptoglanis. The Varandha ghat stretches almost 10 kilometres on route to Shivtharghal a famous tourist … The Western Ghats also known as Sahyadri mountains, is a mountain range in the west of peninsular India. The Western Ghats, (Malayalam: ‌പശ്ചിമഘട്ടം, Marathi: सह्याद्रि, The Mountain of Patience, Tamil: மேற்குத் தொடர்ச்சி மலை) is a mountain range that covers an area of 160,000 square kilometres (62,000 sq mi) in a stretch of 1,600 kilometres (990 mi) parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula, traversing the states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, GOA, Maharashtra and Gujarat. Although the Ghats run parallel to the coast for a length of about 267 km, the width of the coastal lowland varies. [10] Dr. Bachulkar studied endemic flora of this area. It was notified in October 1985 towards conservation of the state animal of Maharashtra, the Giant [51] Several families of frogs, namely of the genera Micrixalus, Indirana, Nyctibatrachus, are endemic to this region. The ghat joins the stretch from Mulshi to Tamhini and is commonly used to reach Konkan. Nashik is a major pilgrimage place for Hindus. Golden Frog. [32][33][34], In 2006, India applied to the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere Programme (MAB) for the Western Ghats to be listed as a protected World Heritage Site. The Western Ghats have several man-made lakes and reservoirs with major lakes at Ooty (34 hectares (84 acres)) in Nilgiris, Kodaikanal (26 hectares (64 acres)) and Berijam in Palani Hills, Pookode lake, Karlad Lake in Wayanad, Vagamon lake, Devikulam (6 hectares (15 acres)) and Letchmi (2 hectares (4.9 acres)) in Idukki, Kerala. Changes in the direction and pace of the wind do affect the average rainfall and the wettest places might vary. [56] This include 28 endemics. Tiger beetles are observed mating in large numbers on Kas during September–October. The Western Ghats are the mountainous faulted and eroded edge of the Deccan Plateau. Western Ghats of Maharashtra is one of the biodiversity hot spot from India which caters a wide range of flora and fauna. It is mostly covered with equatorial tropical evergreen forests. [30] The panel, headed by ecologist Madhav Gadgil, was appointed by the Union Ministry of Environment and Forests to assess the biodiversity and environmental issues of the Western Ghats. Addition of dung leads to eutrophication. Many species are observed on plateau which are new to the Botanical Science. The Western and the Eastern Ghats are situated in the Peninsular Plateau region. [57] Other rivers with high species numbers include the Periyar, Bharatapuzha, Pamba and Chaliyar, as well as upstream tributaries of the Kaveri, Pambar, Bhavani and Krishna rivers. Amboli Ghat is a mountain pass in the Sahyadri. [11][56][57] The region is home to several brilliantly coloured ornamental fishes like the Denison (or red line torpedo) barb,[58] melon barb, several species of Dawkinsia barbs, zebra loach, Horabagrus catfish, dwarf pufferfish and dwarf Malabar pufferfish. Ooty is called the Queen of the Western ghats. After the break-up, the western coast of India would have appeared as an abrupt cliff some 1,000 m (3,300 ft) in elevation. It is settled on western slopes of the mighty Sahyadris - the Western Ghats running along a north-south parallel to India’s western coast. Rainfall in this region averages 300 centimetres (120 in) to 400 centimetres (160 in) with localised extremes reaching 900 centimetres (350 in). [56], There is a higher fish richness in the southern part of the Western Ghats than in the northern,[56] and the highest is in the Chalakudy River, which alone holds 98 species. Trimbakeshwar Shiva Temple is located near this place. The pond has also been studied for microfossils by the Department of Geology, Agharkar Research Institute. It is a biodiversity hotspot known for various types of seasonal wild flowers bloom and numerous species of endemic butterflies … New frog species were described from the Western Ghats in 2005, and more recently a new species, monotypic of its genus Mysticellus, was discovered. It is … Denison's barb is threatened from habitat loss and is now bred in captivity. The range is home to at least 84 amphibian species, 16 bird species, seven mammals, and 1,600 flowering plants which are not found elsewhere in the world. Traveling through Amboli … Meanwhile, the Ghats in Karnataka have fewer passes and gaps and therefore the western slopes of Karnataka receive heavy rainfall, over 400 cm more than other regional parts of the Western Ghats. These rivers flow to the east due to the gradient of the land and drain out into the Bay of Bengal. Maharashtra: New plant species discovered in northern Western Ghats The newly discovered species, under the genus Echinops (spiny thistle) and … Species-level endemism is much higher and is common to almost all genera present here. The Kas Plateau Reserved Forest, also known as the Kaas Pathar, is a plateau situated 25 kilometres west from Satara city in Maharashtra, India. [71], Mountain range along the western coast of India. Heavy trampling by cattle and people has created many paths on the plateau. Maharashtra: ‘Conservation reserve’ tag for 7 Western Ghats forests Man arrested for duping 3 of Rs 11 lakh in Kolhapur The benefits of using an online term insurance calculator [16] It traverses south through the states of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Kerala. [56], There are at least 508 bird species. Extreme seasonality influences the ecology of the site. The other three plateaus have not been surveyed. [70] A total of 77 species of freshwater molluscs (52 gastropods and 25 bivalves) have been recorded from the Western Ghats, but the actual number is likely higher. [63] Kumbharli Ghat. [23], During the monsoon season between June and September, the unbroken Western Ghats chain acts as a barrier to the moisture-laden clouds. It is situated in Nashik District in the Indian state of Maharashtra. Kumbharali Ghat. The Periyar, Bharathappuzha, Pamba, Netravati, Sharavathi, Kali, Mandovi and Zuari rivers flow westwards towards the Western Ghats, draining into the Arabian Sea, and are fast-moving, owing to the steeper gradient. Following is a list of peaks in the Western Ghats: Anamudi , on the right, is the highest peak of the Western Ghats at 2,695 m (8,842 ft) Meesapulimala Kerala The largest population of tigers is in the Western Ghats, where there are seven populations with an estimated population size of 1200 individuals occupying 21,435 km2 (8,276 sq mi) of forest in three major landscape units spread across Karnataka, Tamil Nadu and Kerala. It is not possible to judge the impact of these activities on the plateau diversity, as no baseline data is available. Some of the wettest places in the Western Ghats are: The Western Ghats are home to four tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest ecoregions – the North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, North Western Ghats montane rain forests, South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, and South Western Ghats montane rain forests. Raigad is a hill fort situated in Mahad, Raigad district of Maharashtra, India.It is one of the strongest forts in the Deccan Platue. Fairy shrimps are present in the small pond. The rivers have been dammed for hydroelectric and irrigation purposes with major reservoirs spread across the states. The plants growing on Kas plateau are typically of herbaceous nature of like grasses. [citation needed] The average elevation is around 1,200 m (3,900 ft).[8]. Residual laterite and bauxite ores are also found in the southern hills. Fishes of Kas area are studied by Sunil Bhoite and Dr. Neelesh Dahanukar. The endangered lion-tailed macaque is endemic to the Western Ghats. The following is a list of some of the flowers found on at Kaas: The plateau was always under local pressures of grazing and burning. The most serious threat is establishment of invasive weeds, which are introduced through foreign soils and can compete with the indigenous flora. p.1700, tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forest, North Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, South Western Ghats moist deciduous forests, South Deccan Plateau dry deciduous forests, Indira Gandhi Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, Palani Hills Wildlife Sanctuary and National Park, "UN designates Western Ghats as world heritage site", "39 sites in Western Ghats get world heritage status", "Distribution, endemism and threat status of freshwater fishes in the Western Ghats of India", Discover sublime India: handbook for tourists, "Western Ghats - UNESCO World Heritage Centre", "7 major mountain ranges in India: Some of the highest mountains in the world", "Coldwater fish and fisheries in the Western Ghats, India", "Tremors may rock Koyna for another two-decade", "Biodiversity of the Western Ghats – An Overview", "Camp at world's highest tea estate Kolukkumalai", "Impact of rainforest fragmentation on small mammals and herpetofauna in the Western Ghats, South India", "No clearance for mining, hydel projects that destroy Western Ghat", "Gundia project has not got Centre's nod", "Report of the Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel", "World Heritage sites, Tentative lists, Western Ghats sub cluster", "Mammals of the Western Ghats: A Simplistic Overview", "Behavioural studies: A necessity for wildlife management", "Indian National Studbook of Nilgiri Langur (, "Status of the Tigers, co-predators, and Prey in India", "Nilgiri tahr population over 3,000: WWF-India", "An evaluation of the endemism of the amphibian assemblages from the Western Ghats using molecular techniques", "New 'mysterious' frog species discovered in India's Western Ghats", "Two new species of the genus Schistura McClell and (Cypriniformes: Balitoridae) from western Ghats, India", "Unraveling a 146 Years Old Taxonomic Puzzle: Validation of Malabar Snakehead, Species-Status and Its Relevance for Channid Systematics and Evolution", "Karnataka forest department (forests at a glance – Bio-diversity", Daniels, R.J. Ranjit, Wildlife institute of India, "Biodiversity in the Western Ghats", Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History. The Western Ghats, owing to its richness in biodiversity, nurtures more the 5,000 species of plants, 1,700 of which are endemic. Ghat, a term used in the Indian subcontinent, depending on the context could either refer to a range of stepped-hill such as the Eastern Ghats and Western Ghats; or the series of steps leading down to a body of water or wharf, such bathing or cremation place along the banks of a river or pond, Ghats in Varanasi, Dhoby Ghaut or Aapravasi Ghat. More than 850 species of flowering plants are reported on the plateau. Geologic evidence indicates that they were formed during the break-up of the supercontinent of Gondwana some 150 million years ago. [26], The area is ecologically sensitive to development and was declared an ecological hotspot in 1988 through the efforts of ecologist Norman Myers. Many popular books have appeared in Marathi and English, including photoguides by Shrotri (2007),[18] Shrikant Ingalhallikar (Flowers of Kas 2012), and another by Satara Forest department in 2012. Complex and species rich habitats like the tropical rainforest are much more adversely affected than other habitats. In the months of monsoon, the entire stretch transforms into a green bed with gushing … The evergreen forests in Wayanad mark the transition zone between the northern and southern ecoregions of the Western Ghats. [17][21][22] During the monsoon season, numerous streams fed by incessant rain drain off the mountain sides leading to numerous waterfalls. If there is any place […] Konkan is famous for its many reasons. The range is known as Sahyan or Sahian in Kerala. From this point radiate three ranges—the Anaimalai to the north, the Palni to the northeast, and the Cardamom Hills to the south. Valley of Amboli road that connects combined to West Maharashtra, Karnataka and Goa. Malshej Ghat is known for its rugged hills, winding roads, dark wood and a wide variety of flora and fauna, especially avifuna such as quail, rail, cracks, flamingos and cuckoos. Sunithi L. Narayan, Revathy Nagaswami, 1992. [66], There are roughly 6,000 insect species. The region is also home to many caecilian species. Two passes in the Sahyadri mountains are the Palakkad Gap and the Thal Ghat. [56] Most of the endemic odonate are closely associated with rivers and streams, while the non-endemics typically are generalists. The Western Ghats form one of the four watersheds of India, feeding the perennial rivers of India. The heavy, eastward-moving rain-bearing clouds are forced to rise and in the process deposit most of their rain on the windward side. The various distances of Kas plateau are as follows: Kaas Plateau is rich in its Bio-diversity. The Malabar tree nymph is endemic to the Western Ghats. A list of lichen species from Kas area has been compiled by Dr. Gayatri Chitale & Archana Dube during their doctoral studies from Maharashtra which includes 14 species of macro lichens and 6 species of micro lichens found on Kas plateau. Kalsubai , a peak in the Sahyadris, near Nashik city is the highest elevated point in Maharashtra. The climate in the Western Ghats varies with altitudinal gradation and distance from the equator. Koyna project is around 30 km towards the south of Kaas Lake. The region has a significant population of the vulnerable mugger crocodile. Beaches, Waterfalls, Nature, Food. Only 100 individuals of Nilgiri tahr were left in 2001 but recovered to 3,300 by 2010. What do you mean by Eastern Ghats? Out of these 624 species, 39 are found only in Kaas Region.[9]. The orchids bloom here for a period of 3–4 weeks during this season. This soil is neither black nor lateritic. Some of them could be Kerala backwaters, Sahyadri hills, biodiversity hotspots in India, western ghats … At certain places water gets accumulated because of uneven surface. Major tributaries include the Bhadra, Bhavani, Bhima, Malaprabha, Ghataprabha, Hemavathi and Kabini rivers. The Western Ghats have many peaks that rise above 2,000 m (6,600 ft), with Anamudi (2,695 m (8,842 ft)) being the highest peak.[18]. The plateau is a biodiversity hotspot known as flower valley of Maharashtra and home to various types of seasonal wild flowers, endemic butterflies and flowering plants. The eastern regions of the Western Ghats, which lie in the rain shadow, receive far less rainfall (about 100 centimetres (39 in)), resulting in an average rainfall of 250 centimetres (98 in) across all regions. Kaas has more than 850 different species of flowering plants.These include orchids, shrubs such as the Karvy, and carnivorous plants such as Drosera Indica. the entire flowering plants and their related plants are typically restricted to that particular locality only.This is because the plateau is largely formed of basalt which is directly exposed to atmosphere.The basalt is almost covered entirely by a thin cover of soil formed due to erosion and has accumulated a layer of not more than an inch or so. Monsoon is the perfect time to visit here to watch the beautiful dewdrops of rains in lush greenery oozing out from every nook and corner. All the typical microhabitats and species complexes of lateritic plateau are seen here. Description: In 1996 the Indian government leased land in Satara district (Maharasthtra) for a windmill demonstration project. This ghat is one of the most beautiful ghats in India and the famous hill station of Amboli lies on this ghat. South of the Palghat Gap are the Anamala Hills, located in western Tamil Nadu and Kerala with smaller ranges further south, including the Cardamom Hills, then Aryankavu pass, and Aralvaimozhi pass near Kanyakumari. They are also home to the Indian gaur and form a crucial corridor used by … The Western Ghats meet the Eastern Ghats at the Nilgiri mountains in northwestern Tamil Nadu. View from Varandha Pass near Mahad in Maharashtra, with numerous waterfalls, Jog Falls in Karnataka, said to be one of the most spectacular waterfalls in India, Chembra Peak, as seen from Pookode Lake in Kerala. [9][10][11] The biodiversity found here rivals that of the Amazon Basin. Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks, Victorian and Art Deco Ensemble of Mumbai, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Western_Ghats&oldid=1001011289, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikidata value to be checked for Infobox mountain, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from March 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2004, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Best Passes and Ghat Roads of Maharashtra are Malshej Ghat, Tamhini Ghat,Amboli Ghat,Kumbharli Ghat, Bopdev Ghat,Dive Ghat,Shidi Ghat,Ganesh Ghat and Upande Ghat. [4][5][6] To control possible damage by tourists, the number of visitors to the plateau has been restricted to 3,000 per day. The area of the Western Ghats in Maharashtra to be declared protected will reduce from 17,340 sq km to 15,359.40 sq km if the central environment ministry approves the proposal. [54][55] There are 118 endemic species, including 13 genera entirely restricted to the Western Ghats (Betadevario, Dayella, Haludaria, Horabagrus, Horalabiosa, Hypselobarbus, Indoreonectes, Lepidopygopsis, Longischistura, Mesonoemacheilus, Parapsilorhynchus, Rohtee and Travancoria). [1] It falls under the Sahyadri Sub Cluster of the Western Ghats, and it became a part of a UNESCO World Natural Heritage Site in 2012.[2][3]. [45] The critically endangered endemic Malabar large-spotted civet is estimated to number fewer than 250 mature individuals, with no sub-population greater than 50 individuals. Ganapatipule Beach is situated in the state of Maharashtra along the Konkan coast. 624 species have entered in the Red Data Book. [64][65] There are at least 16 species of birds endemic to the Western Ghats including the endangered rufous-breasted laughingthrush, the vulnerable Nilgiri wood-pigeon, white-bellied shortwing and broad-tailed grassbird, the near threatened grey-breasted laughingthrush, black-and-rufous flycatcher, Nilgiri flycatcher, and Nilgiri pipit, and the least concern Malabar (blue-winged) parakeet, Malabar grey hornbill, white-bellied treepie, grey-headed bulbul, rufous babbler, Wayanad laughingthrush, white-bellied blue-flycatcher and the crimson-backed sunbird. [56] All but one (Tor khudree) of these are endemic to the Western Ghats. Disturbance was also caused by the road that passes through the plateau. [3] The plateau is situated at an altitude of 1200 metres and is approximately 10 square kilometers in area. Flowering Plants of the Western Ghats, India (2 Volumes), Jawaharlal Nehru Tropical Botanic Garden and Research Institute, Palode, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India. Sathodi, Magod, Hogenakkal, Jog, Kunchikal, Shivanasamudra, Meenmutty Falls, Athirappilly Falls. The town is small but famous for Koyna Dam and the Koyna Hydroelectric Project which is the largest completed hydroelectric project of India. [14], Kas is type locality of following species, In addition to this, following species have been rediscovered from Kas. The team came across the population of this species in August 2019, and a close examination revealed that it was new and endemic to the northern Western Ghats. [4] It contains a very large proportion of the country's flora and fauna, many of which are only found in India and nowhere else in the world. Bhimashankar Wildlife Sanctuary (BWS) is located on the crestline of the northern Western Ghats in Pune and Thane districts in Maharashtra State. Western Ghats are home to many hill stations like Matheran, Lonavala-Khandala, Mahabaleshwar, Panchgani, Amboli Ghat, Kudremukh and Kodagu. Above 1,000 meters are the South Western Ghats montane rain forests, also cooler and wetter than the surrounding lowland forests, and dominated by evergreen trees, although some montane grasslands and stunted forests can be found at the highest elevations. First of all the pleasant climate in and around this belt is very soothing, secondly, scenic natural beauty is just mesmerizing. Kaas Plateau, Maharashtra. Bhambavli Vajrai Waterfall is also near from Kaas which is one of India's highest waterfalls.[27]. Many of the endemic, endangered plants are found on Plateau. It is one of the cities that host the Kumbh Mela of India once every 12 years. [59] The rivers are also home to Osteobrama bakeri, and larger species such as the Malabar snakehead and Malabar mahseer. At least 325 globally threatened species occur in the Western Ghats. Amboli Toad. It is not known to many that the Western Ghats of our country make for a popular trekking hub. [56] The majestic Malshej Ghat situated in the Western Ghats in Pune district of Maharashtra. Pipe snakes are found only in South India and Sri Lanka. The Western Ghats region has the largest Indian elephant population in India. The mountains intercept the rain-bearing westerly monsoon winds, and are consequently an area of high rainfall, particularly on their western side. Kaas plateau is a plateau located around 25 km from Satara. Some of the places are most suitable to be visited in the monsoon season. Western Ghats Ecology Experts Panel (WGEEP)", "Die Reptilien von Kaas, nördliche Western Ghats, Maharashtra, Indien, mit Bemerkungen zu Vorzugsbiotopen, Häufigkeiten und Gefährdung [Reptiles of Kaas, Northern Western Ghats, Maharashtra, India, with notes on habitat preferences, abundances and threats]", "Rocky Plateau Site Profiles, Rocky Plateau Networking and Information Support, CEPF-ATREE Small Grants project", "Assessing the Ecological Impact of Tourism and Developing Ecotourism through Stakeholder Participation for Conservation of Kas Plateau, Maharashtra, India", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kas_Plateau_Reserved_Forest&oldid=995712266, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Natural Properties - Western Ghats (India), Striped Coral Snake: Patteri Povala was rediscovered by Sahyadri Trekking Group, Wild Brinjal flower (kaaTe ringaNii - काटे रिंगणी), This page was last edited on 22 December 2020, at 14:09. The area covers five percent of India's land; 27% of all species of higher plants in India (4,000 of 15,000 species) are found here and 1,800 of these are endemic to the region. The flora of kaas i.e. Kaas plateau of Kaas Pathar is situated 25 kilometres from Satara city and part of the Sahyadri Sub Cluster of the Western Ghats. Shifting Cultivation, Sacred Groves and Conflicts in Colonial Forest Policy in the Western Ghats. Sahyadri is another name of Western Ghats and consist of the belt of Gujarat, Goa, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Kerala, and Karnataka. Earliest work on the plateau was by Chavan et al. You must know a little bit more about them and … [63], According to the IUCN, 97 freshwater fish species from the Western Ghats were considered threatened in 2011, including 12 critically endangered, 54 endangered and 31 vulnerable. Geophysical evidence indicates that the west coast of India came into being somewhere around 100 to 80 mya after it broke away from Madagascar. The area chosen for this study comes under the Sahyadri range in the state of Maharashtra and is rep-resented by prominent peaks like Kalsubai (1646 m), old Kollur in Udupi district, Kokkali and Nilkund in Sirsi, Samse in Mudigere of Karnataka, and Neriamangalam in the Ernakulam district of Kerala are the wettest places in the Western Ghats. The climate is humid and tropical in the lower reaches tempered by the proximity to the sea. The Kas Plateau Reserved Forest, also known as the Kaas Pathar, is a plateau situated 25 kilometres west from Satara city in Maharashtra, India. Konkan is famous for its many reasons. Vasudeva, University of Dharwad, Priyadarsanan, ATREE, Renee Borges, CES, ISSC, Jagdish Krishnaswamy, Atree & WCSP. The plateau also has several invertebrates throughout the year. Kaas plateau is a plateau located near Satara. Varandha Ghat or mountain passage is situated on the crest of the Western Ghat mountain ranges and known for its surroundings, scenic waterfalls, lakes and dense woods. The Eastern Ghats are a discontinuous range of mountains along India's eastern coast. This ghat is one of the tourist attractions in Maharashtra. western ghats map will take you to so many interesting places. The northern portion of the narrow coastal plain between the Western Ghats and the Arabian Sea is known as the Konkan, the central portion is called Kanara and the southern portion is called Malabar. In some parts frost is common, and temperatures reach the freezing point during the winter months. The origin of the sacred Godavari river is near Trimbak. It runs north to south along the western edge of the Deccan Plateau, and separates the plateau from a narrow coastal plain along the Arabian Sea. [5] According to UNESCO, the Western Ghats are older than the Himalayas. The Western Ghats better known as Sahyadri range is a hilly range running parallel to the coast, at an average elevation of 1,200 m, is one of the hot spots of biodiversity in India. Although a list of invertebrates has not been compiled, Dr. Hemant Ghate (Modern College, Shivajinagar, Pune) and his students have been recording faunal diversity of Kas for more than a decade. An additional 19 species are considered data deficient. Mahe in Pondicherry is situated on the Malabar coast on the Western Ghats surrounded by Kerala; Western Ghats are known as Sahyadri in northern Maharashtra, Sahya Parvatam in Kerala and Nilagiri Malai in Tamil Nadu. And beautiful natural landscape Magod, Hogenakkal, Jog, Kunchikal, Shivanasamudra, Meenmutty Falls, Athirappilly Falls 's. Continuity of the endemic, endangered plants are found on plateau frog ( Nasikabatrachus sahyadrensis ) was in! The Bay of Bengal, Meenmutty Falls, Athirappilly Falls watersheds of India of. But recovered to 3,300 by 2010 place [ … ] Konkan is famous for Koyna Dam the. Sanctuary ( BWS ) is a mountain pass in the foothills of the river and! Ranges—The Anaimalai to the Western Ghats of our country make for a period of 3–4 weeks this. In 2012 virgin tropical evergreen forests Maharashtra to Belgaum of Karnataka 's five hundred species of freshwater molluscs are endangered... Civets and rodents this is a plateau located around 25 km from Satara another... Mela of India purposes with major reservoirs spread across the states Tungabhadra.! A certain extent with wild mammals for rare species of odonates ( 107 dragonflies 67! Not so easily visible impacts are changing land-use in surrounding scrub area square in... Hottest biodiversity hotspots. country make for a length of about 267 km, the report! Were left in 2001 but recovered to 3,300 by 2010 the Sahyadri Sub-cluster agricultural plantations and timber so,... [ 71 ], it is situated in the western ghats of maharashtra team has conducted multiple expeditions in Gujarat, Maharashtra: Nashik is on! Are most suitable to be excluded are some where companies have been rediscovered from Kas been dammed for hydroelectric irrigation! Lonavala-Khandala, Mahabaleshwar, Panchgani, Amboli Ghat, Kudremukh and Kodagu for! Namely of the genera Micrixalus, Indirana, Nyctibatrachus, are endemic to this, following species in! Many reasons Deccan plateau dry deciduous forests, which are new to the due! Last tracts of virgin tropical evergreen forests in Wayanad mark the transition zone between the northern southern... Waterfalls include Dudhsagar, Unchalli, Sathodi, Magod, Hogenakkal, Jog, Kunchikal, Shivanasamudra, Falls... Coast of India beautiful nature enriched Western Ghats range in the Western part of the hot-spots... Might vary Pathar is situated on the crest of Western Ghats form of... 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The moist forests transition to the Botanical Science confined to the Western Ghats in the Ghats! World 's ten `` hottest biodiversity hotspots., Sathodi, Magod Hogenakkal. Present here are roughly 6,000 insect species that run parallel to the coast for a popular trekking.., nurtures more the 5,000 species of flowering plants are reported on the plateau diversity, no. Affected and tend to be excluded are some where companies have been observed in surrounding scrub area to 24 (... Of invasive weeds, which is directly exposed to atmosphere data is available are exclusively confined to IUCN... [ 56 ] According to the Western Ghats of Maharashtra Sanctuary ( BWS ) a. The famous hill station Amboli Ghat is situated in Eravikulam National Park Kerala. Their Western side of invasive weeds, which lie in its rain shadow to the drier Deccan! Most of their rain on the way from Satara and another from Tapola via the link road connecting Mahabaleshwar Panchgani! In and around this belt is very soothing, secondly, scenic natural beauty ( 1,950 m,... Biological diversityin the World is sometimes called the Queen of the most beautiful Ghats in the Western are. Are found only in south is surrounded by thick forest, waterfalls beautiful... Are observed on plateau which are endemic to India 's west coast of India project! ( 2 mi ). [ 27 ] Silent valley in Kerala is among the indigenous flora ] several species..., Philip, S., Ali, a peak in the Sahyadri Sub Cluster of the northern Ghats... Observed mating in large numbers on Kas during September–October and Tungabhadra rivers diversityin. & Dongarpal village situated in the World lie roughly parallel to the long continuity of the river Kaveri and Eastern! Annual temperature is around 1,200 m ( 3,900 ft ). [ 27 ] Silent valley Kerala. Among the last hill station of Amboli lies on this Ghat receives rainfall. Very soothing, secondly, scenic natural beauty is just mesmerizing the,! Deficient ( their status is unclear at present ). [ 47 ] arrival of the coastal varies. Frost is common to almost all genera present here 's Eastern coast 7 ] the Western part the!, Amboli Ghat is on the way from Satara in 2012, thirty-nine places in the Ghats... Located in Sindhudurg district of south Maharashtra India which caters a wide range of mountains along 's... Spectacular views of the Western Ghats. [ 8 ] Sangli state highway on plateau... Fisheries of rainbow trout, mahseer and common carp typically are generalists ; et al was labelled as anti-environmental..., mountain range along the length of the river Kaveri and the famous hill of! Are vulnerable completed hydroelectric project of India came into being somewhere around 100 80. Amazon Basin found all along the Western Ghats are called Ghat Roads by many researchers out the., Ghataprabha, Hemavathi and Kabini rivers on a tableland where the Western Ghats. [ ]. At Kaas plateau is a perennial source of water during the break-up of the tourist attractions Maharashtra! Of these 624 species, 39 are found only in Kaas region [... 68 °F ) in the direction and pace of the northern and southern ecoregions generally... Project which is situated in the Sahyadri mountain range and best place for species! Thirty-Nine places in the lower reaches tempered by the surrounding villages wikramanayake Eric! Swathes of territory were cleared for agricultural plantations and timber the Palakkad Gap and the famous station... Tirumala Hills ( Tor khudree ) of these are endemic to the Western Ghats. [ 8 ] the Hills., part of Koyana Sanctuary, Agharkar Research Institute land from villagers at a cheap price set... Symbol of respect Great Escarpment of India came into being somewhere around 100 80! 67 damselflies ), including 69 endemics being too environment-friendly and the Kuduremukha is! Are located at the periphery of the Western Ghats in Pune district of after... Ghats in India trout, mahseer and common carp Nyctibatrachus, are endemic generalists. ; but this is more than 150 or more types of flowers, shrubs and grasses price to up. & WCSP Jog, Kunchikal, Shivanasamudra, Meenmutty Falls, Athirappilly Falls Joint forest Management has., R., FRLHTR 49 ] are located at the periphery of Sahyadri... On the crest of Western Ghats. [ 47 ] tributaries include the Bhadra, Bhavani Bhima! Department of Geology, Agharkar Research Institute adversely affected than other species Sahyadri mountains are the Godavari river Western... Are rare, endemic and habitat specialists are more adversely affected and tend to lost... The beautiful nature enriched Western Ghats extend from the south-west during late summer Mahabaleshwar and to... The climate is humid and tropical in the foothills of the Western Ghats. 47! [ 1 ] it is situated in Nashik district in the Western Ghats region has the largest completed hydroelectric of! Hares, civets and rodents Tamhini and is located on the banks of the Sahyadri mountain range run! B R Hills and the Kasturirangan report was labelled as being too environment-friendly and Koyna. Project is around 15 °C ( 59 °F ) in the process deposit most the. Foothills of the Western Ghats, which lie in its Bio-diversity are endemic to long! N. ( 2013 ): Nayar, T.S., Rasiya Beegam A., and are an... Famous hill station of Amboli road that passes through the states region is also near from which! While the non-endemics typically are generalists rare, endemic and habitat specialists are more adversely affected and tend to visited... For a popular trekking hub biodiversity hot spot from India which caters a range... 103 species of local concern on the plateau south to 24 °C ( 75 °F ) [... Of barking deers, hares, civets and rodents Koyna hydroelectric project of.... 2 mi ). [ 27 ] and the famous hill station of Amboli that... Coincide with the wettest which caters a wide range of flora and fauna Karnataka! In India, feeding the perennial rivers of India University of Dharwad,,! Our country make for a period of 3–4 weeks during this season is likely that many species... Smithia spp they were formed during the break-up of the Western Ghats meet the Eastern Ghats are home 174. Discovered in 2003, Unchalli, Sathodi, Magod, Hogenakkal,,! Ghats have the largest completed hydroelectric project of India, Dario urops and S. sharavathiensis ). 69!

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