In 1773 Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras (now Chennai) became subordinate to the government at Fort William. [7] Adoption may be slower among the media in India and abroad, and among Indian authors.[8][9][10]. In other words, the city itself is not actually renamed in the local language, and the local name (or endonym) in the indigenous languages of India does not change, but the official spelling in Indian English is amended. Unless we know our past, we cannot know ourselves or our own great Bengali nation, which has been slowly de stroyed for the last 200 years," says Azizul Haque, vice-president of the Bhasha Shahid Smarak Samiti, the language martyrs' memorial committee. The name change has gone through the state government (though the national parliament in New Delhi has yet to ratify it). Trivandrum, the state capital, became Thiruvanthapuram and Calicut became Kozhikode, which was its name when Vasco da Gama sighted the land in 1498, • The southern city of Madras reverted to Chennai , its name when the British East India Company established a trading post there in 1639, • When Bombay became Mumbai in 1996, the state threatened to prosecute any business that did not change its signs. He does, liberally, along with Bertrand Russell, George Bernard Shaw, John Ruskin and other friends of the British working and intellectual classes whom Mr Haque absolves of responsibility for the colonial era. Similarly, Bombay, which was always called Mumbai in Marathi, was restored to Mumbai in 1996, and Pondicherry to Puducherry (meaning New Town). In 1773 Bombay (now Mumbai) and Madras (now Chennai) became subordinate to the government at Fort William. Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport (IATA: CCU, ICAO: VECC) is an international airport located in Dum Dum, West Bengal, India, serving the Kolkata metropolitan area.It is located approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) from the city centre. KOLKATA: Judges of Calcutta High Court have unanimously declined to accept the Centre's proposal for renaming it as Kolkata High Court and have communicated the view of the full court to Union Law Ministry. The name of the place was first Mandav Nagar and then corrupted into Mandi. For example, the change of Madras (Tamil: மதராஸ் Madras) to Chennai (Tamil: சென்னை Chennai) was reflected in many of India's languages, and incidentally in English, while the Tamil endonym had always been Chennai and remained unaffected by the change. Mumbai is in the honour of Mumbra Devi whereas Kolkata was always pronounced such in Bengali. ", "David Rumsey: Geographical Searching with MapRank Search (beta)", "How Bombay became Mumbai. The city so redolent of the Raj has tossed away the stain of its imperial past along with its name (it hopes), and from next month will be known by its Bengali equivalent: Kolkata. These two proposals are changes from the historically Mughal name to a Hindu native name. "We want to know our past. Ambuja Neotia Vista Hotel: I've tried many in Kolkata - This is my favorite - See 2,305 traveler reviews, 764 candid photos, and great deals for Ambuja Neotia Vista Hotel at Tripadvisor. Thus Calcutta became the third Indian metropolis … The most notable exceptions are Indian English spelling-changes of Orissa to Odisha (March 2011)[1] and the union territory of Pondicherry (which includes the city of Pondicherry) to Puducherry. The reason for this change was that in two of the local languages, Marathi and Gujarati, the city has long been called Mumbai. At this time, for example, Travancore-Cochin was renamed Kerala. Even (Romanised) English spellings in long and wide use often vary depending upon which government department or agency uses them. In 1690, Job Charnok, an agent of the East India Company chose this place for a British trade settlement. In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali pronunciation. ", Temples and legends of Himachal Pradesh - Page 38 Pranab Chandra Roy Choudhury - 1981 "Mandi takes the name from Mandavya. Well, for all those need a little brush-up, let us tell you about the origin of Kolkata as briefly as possible. Post-independence, the name Calcutta carried on till 2000 until the resolution was passed. He was commander of the British forces during the 1857 Indian mutiny. The reason for this change was that in two of the local languages, Marathi and Gujarati, the city has long been called Mumbai. The area also was named after him and later the name was changed to the current one. The are a number of reasons why Calcutta changed its name to Kolkata. I can quote Shelley," says the former Maoist guerrilla. Read the … "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkata'," an official release said. This is one thing I don't understand at all. Kolkata City Of Joy: Beautiful Bengal Moist weather, fish curries, agarbatti aromas, sweet mishtis…art, culture, history and dance all are in one land Bengal. Kolkata (spelled Calcutta before 1 January 2001) is the capital city of the Indian state of West Bengal.It is the second largest city in India after Mumbai. The plea sought directions to authorities concerned to cancel the notification, if any, whereby Kolkata Port Trust has been renamed and, in case, there is a change of name… Some of these local name changes were changes made in all languages: the immediate local name, and also all India's other languages. Experts fear the move will not only erode the IIM-C brand value, but also confuse applicants and employers since IIM Kozhikode is also popularly known as IIM-K. In the post-colonial era, several Indian states' names were changed. There are also plans to change other anglicised place names. Calcutta HC seeks centre response on plea to rename Kolkata Port Trust Kolkata: The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. The renaming of cities in India started in 1947 following the end of the British imperial period. An example of this is the renaming of predominantly Hindi-speaking Uttaranchal (Hindi: उत्तराञ्चल) to a new local Hindi name (Hindi: उत्तराखण्ड Uttarakhand). Representative image . Still, it was not bad. And what's the difference? According to one view, the elephants of the Nawab Siraj ud-Daulah were posted here when he attacked Kolkata in 1756. It didn't really affect us much. But the British called it Calcutta. In 1957, the West Bengal government ordered the removal of the bronze statue of Gen. James Outram, a landmark in Calcutta. Kolkata, formerly known as Calcutta in English, is the capital of the Indian state of West Bengal and is located in eastern India on the east bank of the River Hooghly.The city was a colonial city developed by the British East India Company and then by the British Empire. In the early years after Indian independence, many name changes were effected in northern India for English spellings of Hindi place names that had simply been romanised inconsistently by the British administration – such as the British spelling "Jubbulpore," renamed "Jabalpur" (जबलपुर) among the first changes in 1947. Different departments of the government may have used official spellings in use at the time, while locations associated with Indian railways mostly maintained British-era spellings. --(WT-en ) Evan 12:12, 2 Dec 2005 (EST) This article was the Collaboration of the week between 11 July 2006 and 17 July 2006. Kolkata was always called Kolkata in Bengali — derived from the name of one of the three villages said to have become the modern city of Kolkata. Similarly, Calcutta was the anglicised name of Kolkata. We were used to calling it Kolkata in Bengali and Calcutta in English, and we switched between both names with as much fluency as we switched between those two languages. I notice that Evan's reasons for not changing the name used in Wikivoyage from Calcutta to Kolkata were given in Feb 2004 - almost two years ago. In the case of smaller towns and districts which were less notable outside and inside India, and where a well known English name (or exonym) could not be said to exist, older spellings used under British India may not have had any specific legislation other than changes in practice on the romanisation of indigenous Indian language names. In Kolkata January 14-27 2020, staying within 10 blocks of the Park Street area. … Calcutta - Kolkata debate . Calcutta, the bustling metropolis where I was born, once the First City of the British Raj, had already rechristened itself as Kolkata in 2001. I just made this change. Each had to be approved by the central government in New Delhi. For example, the renaming of the Madras Presidency to Madras State in 1947 and then Tamil Nadu in 1969 required non-Tamil speakers to change from an approximation of the British name (Tamil: மதராஸ் மாகாணம் Madras Presidency, then Madras State Tamil: மதராஸ் மாநிலம்) to a native Tamil name (Tamil: தமிழ்நாடு Tamil Nadu, "Tamil country"). However, the origins of the city’s name are still shrouded in mystery. To the point, a few examples are Quilandy vs. Koyilandy, Canannore vs. Kannur, and Rangiya vs. Rangia. The confusion inherent in such variations has often resulted in serious consequences like people having two "different" addresses (theoretically designating the same place) in their official records leading to legal disputes, or one house having residents of different house addresses due to differing place names. Kolkata was formerly known as Calcutta: Origin of the name Calcutta is an Anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata. The confusion inherent in such variations has often res… These can be represented as a change from Urdu language to Hindi language, but since the two languages are variants of Hindustani the proposal is effectively a cultural and ethno-religious proposal rather than a linguistic one. This makes it the third largest city of India. Haris … Celebrations in Kolkata have come under the scanner of the Calcutta high court, even as some major cities in India have put restrictions to control the crowd on the night of … I suppose that’s what diesel fumes can do to daylight, and to memory. The advertisement of purveyors D. Wilson and Company (David Wilson & Company) - owners of Asia, India and Kolkata’s longest surviving hotel - The Great Eastern Hotel - communicated that its ‘Hall of All Nations’ had a plentiful stocks of Christmas fare – turkey, ham, beef, and a wide variety of cakes, sweets and biscuits.‘Hall of All Nations’ was actually a large … Tipu Sultan Mosque at the corner of Chowringhee Road and Dharmatala, was built in 1842, by Prince Gholam Mohammad, a son of Tipu Sultan. To the point, a few examples are Quilandy vs. Koyilandy, Canannore vs. Kannur, and Rangiya vs. Rangia. A few months ago, the state government introduced the use of Bengali for official work and is to begin phasing out English. Notable city names that were officially changed by legislation after independence include: For others, by state order, see list of renamed Indian cities and states. Late on Tuesday, riding a wave of sentiment that has been percolating for months among native Bengali-speakers, the West Bengal state legislature voted unanimously to cast off the … Kolkata (West Bengal) [India], September 8 (ANI): The Calcutta High Court on Tuesday sought the response of the Central government on public interest litigation (PIL) against the decision to change the name of Calcutta Port Trust to Syama Prasad Mookerjee Port Trust. The renaming of cities is often specifically from English to Indian English in connection with that dialect's internal reforms. "The Ministry has not yet reverted back on the issue," a senior high court official said here today. The juxtaposition of old and new, rich and poor, high-end retail and street fare was something to see. When I moved from California to Calcutta in 2011, I would joke that I had merely exchanged one Cal for another. Some discern the name as a reference to dharma, one of the units of the Buddhist Trinity. These changes did not generate significant controversy. "Unconsciousness was forced upon us; we were chained. Many people argue that such confusion can lead to indeterminate and/or unintended consequences.[2]. [6], Official name changes take place quickly if not immediately in official government sources. Later state name changes include the reorganisation of Madhya Bharat into Madhya Pradesh in 1959;[3] and the renamings of the Madras State to Tamil Nadu in 1969, of the Mysore State to Karnataka in 1973, and of Uttaranchal to Uttarakhand in 2007. Since 1760, the street has seen several name changes as Calcutta consistently swelled and developed into a larger metropolis. ", Gazetteer of the Nellore District: Brought Up to 1938 - Page 151 Government Of Madras Staff, Government of Madras - 1942 "... of the Ramayana (2000 — 1500 BC) was a dense jungle, while the town of Nellore, which came into existence only several centuries later, was known as Simhapuri (Lion's town), from the supposed existence of lions in the adjacent forests. The closest rendering in spoken Bengali sounded more like Koli-kata. Now comes the story. During partition back then Bengal was divided into two parts, one was East Bengal while the […] The change will occur on August 24, Calcutta's 390th birthday. Calcutta's sorry image of a city of beggars and heartbreak would stick. But is it ... Calcutta? The former capital of British India is the third metropolis in less than four years to change its name, much to the disgust of the Statesman newspaper, itself a 111-year-old relic of the Raj. Aside from changes to the official English spellings of local names there have also been renaming proposals to realign the official name, hence the English name with an alternative local name. The country's culture hub, Calcutta or 'Cal' adopted its Bengali name Kolkata officially in 2001. The renaming of states and territories in India has also taken place, but until the 2010s with actual substantial name changes in both local language and in English such as the old British state name of Travancore-Cochin to Kerala (1956). Get information on Kolkata (Calcutta) Travel Guide - Expert Picks for your Vacation hotels, restaurants, entertainment, shopping, sightseeing, and activities. Kolkata: Calcutta High Court judges have rejected the Centre's decision to change the name of their place of work to Kolkata High Court. Late on Tuesday, riding a wave of sentiment that has been percolating for months among native Bengali-speakers, the West Bengal state legislature voted unanimously to cast off the old name. Street-wise Kolkata: How Park Street got its name; Street-wise Kolkata: How Park Street got its name Kolkata’s decision to rename Park Street after Mother Teresa is a perplexing one, since she had little to do with the thoroughfare and its environs, but the street’s name change is hardly a new occurrence. Hatibagan. Here are some of the most popular theories regarding the origins of the name of India’s City of Joys. More recent and high-profile changes – including renaming such major cities as Calcutta to Kolkata – have generated greater controversy. KOLKATA: Judges of Calcutta High Court have unanimously declined to accept the Centre's proposal for renaming it as Kolkata High Court and have communicated the view of the full court to Union Law Ministry. When it is called Calcutta, it includes the suburbs.This makes it the third largest city of India. I suppose that’s what diesel fumes can do to daylight, and to memory. I notice that Evan's reasons for not changing the name used in Wikitravel from Calcutta to Kolkata were given in Feb 2004 - almost two years ago. With Mother Teresa in the headlines, so is the name of the city where she lived for decades. It is the second largest city in India after Mumbai. The name change was part of a wider movement to do away with the anglicised version of city names that were allocated by the British while they were in charge. It was not technically true. Kolkata Isn't Just The City Of Mother Teresa In 2001 the government of West Bengal decided to officially change its capital city's name to Kolkata to reflect its original Bengali … And Calcutta became Kolkata. On July 5, … We want to face up to the chains. The city’s former name, Calcutta, is an Anglicized version of the Bengali name Kalikata. According to some, Kalikata is derived from the Bengali word Kalikshetra, meaning “Ground of (the goddess) Kali.” Some say the city’s name derives from the location … Last time it happened was back in 2001 when the British named Calcutta was renamed into Kolkata by the government. Firmly believing in the adage "the more the merrier," the state will be called Bangla in Bengali, Bengal in English and Bangal in Hindi. The changes, an editorial said, represented "a brownie point for obscurantist chauvinism". When it is called Calcutta, it includes the suburbs. Kolkata was the capital of the British Indian empire until 1911 when the capital was relocated to Delhi. (The full text of the announcement reads: "The Government of India have, after careful consideration, accepted the proposal of the State Government of West Bengal to change the name of the city of 'Calcutta' to 'Kolkatta'(sic)." The land around Kali-kata was mainly swamp and the "pestilential city" was immortalised in Rudyard Kipling's poem City of Dreadful Night. Calcutta's new name reflects its Bengali history The Indian Government has backed plans for the city of Calcutta to be readopt its pre-colonial Bengali name - Kolkata. - Slate Magazine", "Deccan Herald: Centre clears change in names of Karna cities, Belgaum now Belagavi", "Failed game-changers become name-changers", https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Kerala-to-become-Keralam/articleshow/6166573.cms, "Allahabad is now Prayagraj, Yogi's Cabinet renames historic city", https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/west-bengal-renaming-centre-says-hasnt-approved-name-change-mamata-banerjee-writes-to-pm-modi/articleshow/70059673.cms, https://hindustantimes.com/india-news/as-gujarat-sets-to-rename-ahmedabad-to-karnavati-shiv-sena-demands-name-change-of-osmanabad-and-aurangabad/story-tsa2wD3VOcL9wex76Jt0MP.html, "10 Indian cities that changed their names", "Now, Indore to become Indur, Bhopal Bhojpal", "BJP to rename Hyderabad, Karimnagar if it forms govt in Telangana: UP CM Yogi Adityanath", "BJP lawmaker demands change of Nizamabad's name to 'Indur, https://indianexpress.com/article/india/uttar-pradesh-bjp-muzaffarnagar-will-be-renamed-lakshmi-nagar-mla-sangeet-singh-som-5439986/, Geographical Dictionary Of Ancient And Mediaeval India, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Renaming_of_cities_in_India&oldid=998925702, All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Articles containing Gujarati-language text, Articles containing Malayalam-language text, Articles containing Marathi-language text, Articles containing Kannada-language text, Articles containing Assamese-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 17:40.

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