Aftermath of the 1999 Izmit earthquake and a look at poor building construction. The analysis of the events before and after the August 17, 1999 Izmit (Turkey) earthquake has been completed. The tsunami caused the deaths of 155 people.[13]. Oil Spill Response Limited were activated by BP to deploy from the United Kingdom to the Tupras Refinery where their responders successfully contained the previously uncontrolled discharge of oil from the site into the sea. 0000044808 00000 n 1999-12-21 14:14:57 UTC 56.0 km. Breakage in water pipelines, results of the quake, nullified attempts at extinguishing the fire. The earthquake was located in Turkey at the local time of 3.01 am. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. The 1999 İzmit earthquake (also known as the Kocaeli or Gölcük earthquake) occurred on 17 August at 3:01 a.m. local time in northwestern Turkey.The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.6 and a maximum Mercalli Intensity of IX (Violent).The event lasted for 37 seconds, killing around 17,000 people and left approximately half a million people homeless. The event lasted for 37 seconds, severely damaging the city of İzmit It happened at around 3:02am local time. The Izmit segment of the North Anatolian fault was identified prior to the 1999 earthquake as having a high likelihood of producing a damaging earthquake. Avcılar was built on relatively weak ground mainly composed of poorly consolidated Cenozoic sedimentary rocks, which makes this district vulnerable to any earthquake. Then, the sea was split and a big explosion happened. An EQE Briefing—1999 Izmit, Turkey Earthquake (M7.4) The collapsed Officer’s Club at the Gölcük Naval Base. The base was burned in the sea and all the people who were there died. The earthquake, which occurred on the northernmost strand of the İzmit earthquake of 1999, devastating earthquake that struck near the city of İzmit in northwestern Turkey on August 17, 1999. Damage ranged from spalling concrete to total deck collapse. The event lasted for 37 seconds, killing 15,135 people and leaving approximately half a million people homeless. The slip models are inverted from GPS data collected during this time period. 0000002741 00000 n In Golcuk, the site of a naval base on the southern coast of the Izmit Gulf, more than 248 sailors and naval officers were trapped under collapsed buildings. In August 1999, an earthquake in the city of Izmit killed thousands and left hundreds of thousands homeless. Both strike-slip earthquakes were caused by … 0000003620 00000 n İzmit earthquake of 1999, also called Kocaeli earthquake or Gölcük earthquake, devastating earthquake that struck near the city of İzmit in northwestern Turkey on August 17, 1999. The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.6 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). 0000001218 00000 n �|���B�����nY�t�HT^כ�]����I>o�w�>8�}���K���U��[�ePqro�w endstream endobj 119 0 obj 341 endobj 85 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 79 0 R /Resources 86 0 R /Contents [ 95 0 R 97 0 R 99 0 R 101 0 R 103 0 R 105 0 R 107 0 R 115 0 R ] /MediaBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 612 792 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 86 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text /ImageB /ImageC ] /Font << /TT4 90 0 R /TT6 88 0 R >> /XObject << /Im3 116 0 R /Im4 117 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 112 0 R >> /ColorSpace << /Cs6 87 0 R /Cs8 93 0 R /Cs9 91 0 R >> >> endobj 87 0 obj [ /ICCBased 111 0 R ] endobj 88 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 122 /Widths [ 236 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 248 248 0 0 207 0 182 0 0 271 0 0 393 0 0 377 0 398 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 371 0 0 0 350 0 0 0 213 0 0 0 482 0 0 0 0 0 0 293 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 357 0 0 0 350 248 365 357 213 0 365 0 578 0 379 0 361 242 244 252 365 0 0 0 342 352 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /DLDGFJ+ArchitecturePSMT /FontDescriptor 89 0 R >> endobj 89 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 998 /CapHeight 765 /Descent -500 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -74 -250 855 998 ] /FontName /DLDGFJ+ArchitecturePSMT /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 74 /XHeight 0 /FontFile2 110 0 R >> endobj 90 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /TrueType /FirstChar 32 /LastChar 151 /Widths [ 288 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 273 273 417 0 288 347 288 403 576 576 576 576 576 576 576 576 576 576 310 310 0 0 0 0 1000 597 553 715 697 513 501 817 697 243 373 574 413 836 745 875 500 875 528 498 497 692 551 898 484 546 560 0 0 0 0 0 0 541 541 456 541 497 259 541 521 230 0 458 230 789 521 558 541 541 315 382 248 527 427 648 394 403 381 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 590 0 1000 ] /Encoding /WinAnsiEncoding /BaseFont /DLBJOG+FuturaBT-Light /FontDescriptor 92 0 R >> endobj 91 0 obj [ /Separation /PANTONE#20294#20CV 87 0 R 113 0 R ] endobj 92 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 962 /CapHeight 718 /Descent -235 /Flags 32 /FontBBox [ -167 -236 1065 963 ] /FontName /DLBJOG+FuturaBT-Light /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 64 /XHeight 0 /FontFile2 109 0 R >> endobj 93 0 obj [ /Separation /All 87 0 R 114 0 R ] endobj 94 0 obj 3830 endobj 95 0 obj << /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 94 0 R >> stream The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.6 and a maximum Mercalli intensity of IX (Violent). The event lasted for 37 seconds, severely damaging the city of İzmit. V=�]��Quy:iPo~p�.�.�����]~�����B����XU�����|�&���q��mE.g�x(�VՀ@��J�7w�H�o��9v�VY��t������b However, earlier earthquakes in 1719, 1754, 1878, and 1894 occurred in the Gulf of Izmit . 0000028901 00000 n Thousands of people were killed, and large parts of a number of mid-sized towns and cities were destroyed. Damage due to faulting and lateral spreading at the main pier and seawall of the Gölcük Naval Base. [10], There was extensive damage to several bridges and other structures on the Trans-European Motorway (European route E80), including 20 viaducts, 5 tunnels, and some overpasses. Scores of … 0000007833 00000 n At around 3 o'clock in the morning of Saturday August 14, Kanieh Topal woke in her three-storey apartment block in the western suburbs of Izmit to hear a strange sound. This page was last edited on 30 December 2015, at 21:54. The 1999 earthquake also terminated with a 4 m offset at the western end at the Karamürsel basin. During the 20th century, only the 1943 Hendek earthquake with a magnitude of 6.4 affected the rupture zone of the 1999 earthquake. A massive international response was mounted to assist in digging for survivors and assisting the wounded and homeless. 0000011406 00000 n 0000042129 00000 n Offsets along the rupture were as large as 5.7 meters (18.7 ft). Until now, none of America, Israel, or Turkey could find anyone of those whom Allah punished. The Izmit earthquake occurred at 0 hours, 1 min, 38 s (00h01mn38s; universal time) on 17 August 1999 and, in ~25 s, broke the North Anatolian fault, a major plate boundary, over a length of 150 km across northwestern Turkey (16–19). COULD THIS HAPPEN AGAIN? 0000021924 00000 n About 17,118 people were killed. 0000011384 00000 n �3`�U������YY�+ The 1999 rupture was centered on seismic gap between the 1967 Mudurnu Valley earthquake (M s =7.1) and the 1963 Yalova earthquake (M s =6.4) . 0000003903 00000 n �%?�T{ Interview with survivors, an investigation into the building industry and a look at the early recovery efforts. ��a�8ݷ�I�2 ȫ[����6�r'��(�f���ۻ5_�A*��K� `BCs&�M�]�Cs��t�R���b�=�^4�. Friday, August 17, 1999 WHERE DID THE DISASTER OCCUR? 7.0 New Britain region, Papua New Guinea. The epicenter was approximately 100 km to the east of the extremely destructive 1999 İzmit earthquake that happened a few months earlier. trailer << /Size 120 /Info 80 0 R /Encrypt 84 0 R /Root 83 0 R /Prev 505769 /ID[] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 83 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 79 0 R /Metadata 81 0 R /PageLabels 77 0 R >> endobj 84 0 obj << /Filter /Standard /R 2 /O (Wp�y����A���Єq���n%[���a�]) /U (m"��� �{rK.|�ɏ�9���.� �~��w�k�) /P -44 /V 1 /Length 40 >> endobj 118 0 obj << /S 246 /L 379 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 119 0 R >> stream 0000003551 00000 n Naval Hospital Naples, Italy, to Izmit to aid victims of the recent earthquake as part of Operation Avid Response. 82 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 85 /H [ 1369 457 ] /L 507537 /E 103156 /N 8 /T 505779 >> endobj xref 82 38 0000000016 00000 n The headquarters of the Battle Fleet Command in Gölcük, established in 1964, and many other buildings were heavily destroyed by the İzmit earthquake on August 17, 1999. Izmit earthquake - Introduction . The fire began at a state-owned tank farm and was initiated by naphtha that had sloshed out of a holding tank. Turkey: Izmit earthquake 1999 A Collection by: PreventionWeb user UNDRR Editors Last updated: 10 Feb 2019. Latest reports from the state-run Anatolian news agency said 325 people died in the Marmara region, and the toll was expected to rise. 0000002268 00000 n 1446 events have been well located out of a total of 3165 recorded within the period from July 15 to November 2, 1999. [7], From the timing of P-wave and S-wave arrivals at seismometers there is strong evidence that the rupture propagated eastwards from the epicentre at speeds in excess of the S-wave velocity, making this a supershear earthquake. The Anatolian Plate, which consists primarily of Turkey, is being pushed west about 2–2.5 cm (0.8–1.0 in) a year, as it is squeezed between the Eurasian Plate to the north and the Arabian Plate to the south. 4 earthquake is one of the world’s largest and best studied earth’s horizontal movement (strike slip faults). [6] Major earthquakes in Turkey result mainly from slip along the NAFZ or the East Anatolian Fault. 1999: Turkey hit by huge earthquake The most powerful earthquake to hit Turkey has left at least 1,000 people dead. 1999-11-15 05:42:43 UTC 10.0 km. 0000028878 00000 n The following table shows the breakdown of rescue teams by country in the affected locations: Search and Rescue Effort as of 19 August 1999. 0000003849 00000 n The fire spread over the next few days, warranting the evacuation of the area within three miles of the refinery. [16], The U.K announced an immediate grant of £50,000 to help the Turkish Red Crescent, while the International Red Cross and Red Crescent pledged £4.5 million to help victims. On 17 August 1999, an earthquake in northwestern Turkey killed around 17,000 people[5] and left more than 250,000 people homeless. 0000025269 00000 n 67% of the aftershocks with magnitude greater than 4 have occurred within the first 6 days after the main-shock. The upper floors of Mexico City's Hotel Intercontinental collapsed onto lower floors during a magnitude 8.1 earthquake on Sep. 19, 1985. 0000018443 00000 n The April 10 tremblor was one of the largest in western Turkey since August 1999 when an earthquake with a magnitude of 7.9 killed 17,118 people. Officer 3rd Class Rebecca Vanderburg (left), U.S. Navy, talks with earthquake survivors in Izmit, Turkey, on Aug. 25, 1999.