Since I've used the MSA Archival Varnish for prints, I have now taken to use it instead of the Krylon varnish. A couple of Reeves recommended methods are the use of opaque layers and dry brushing. SUPPLIES I USE: • Amsterdam Acrylic Paint • Princeton Velvetouch Mixed Media Brushes • White Artist Tape • GAC900 Fabric Medium For a full list of the most up-to-date supplies, visit my Paint Supplies list on amazon.. You can use most paint, either water or oil-based, on a canvas, but certain paints are more commonly used for canvas because of their durability, textures and makeup. Gouache, the product, was a result of this interest in both opaque and water based products. https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Chris_Dinesen_Rogers/13286, Home and Family: Crafts-Hobbies A well-kept secret for many years, brace yourself as this exceptional medium is unleashed and the power of gouache (pronounced ‘gwosh’) takes over the art world. It's an easy precaution to take to protect your work. From the moment you dip your brush into your paint, you are on your way to creating something incredible. I’ve been using gac 100, and 700 as a initial primer as golden suggests, BUT oh I do mis painting on raw canvas. This method requires an isolation layer so that this layer would protect the acrylic should the varnish need to be removed. You can carry it from the beach to your next lunch meeting without looking out of place. Storing a painting requires specific conditions to ensure that the paint, canvas, and frame don’t withstand any damage. Want To Use Wax Stamps And Seals? Use gum arabic for your writing color to bind the pigment together and help adhesion to the base coat. Getting to know gouache before you take it on as your newly chosen arty cohort will guide you on your journey towards making beautiful gouache art. Its stunning matt finish makes it ideal for opaque methods of painting. In the final lesson of the series, master artist Steve Huston begins with some warm-up poses using his fountain pen and then dives into three separate gouache renderings. If you’re using cotton just wash it thoroughly before stretching and it’s not likely you’ll see any problems with SID. Get rid of the excess paint on your brush followed by applying quick applications to your surface with no water. Discover a paint that is nothing like anything you have ever seen before. Learning the composition of the paint and its background is important for all artists wishing to learn and cultivate their creative streak. I typically will spray six thin coats to complete the process. Because gouache paint is water-based you water it down to act just like its close relative – watercolour. Gouache will make your art set burst with colour, excitement and the possibility to take your talent and passion higher than you have ever gone before. This incredible technique will make your painting jump off the paper as it blends your colours magnificently. I've heard of people using watercolor on unprimed canvas, but I'm not sure how well it would work with gouache. I applied this layer onto watercolor canvas. Or perhaps it is the advantage of being able to frame without glass. Watercolor painters are always looking for a new surface to paint on. At Reeves, we believe adding gouache paint to your craft box is an excellent way to grow your artistic knowledge and skills as well as opening up a whole new side to creative life that you never knew was possible. Graham 1/2-Ounce Tube 5 Color Gouache Paint Primary Set – Best Gouache Paint for Artists. Because paint lifts so easily off of these surfaces, for my part, I feel safest sealing and varnishing. It’s more likely to get stained or damaged. Opaque layers are used to disguise hidden layers underneath. |   There will be lots of spraying going on, so be sure and take that precaution. Despite being the glossy finish, it wasn't as glossy as I liked, but maybe if you're looking for more of a matte finish, you may appreciate the look. In this series, […] Glue the paper to a canvas for framing using a fluid-matte medium brushed on the back of the watercolor paper and the canvas. This is typically used if you are wanting to layer colours or work on a larger canvas. One disadvantage with this approach is that the canvas on the sides has less protection. To avoid mixing colors, always keep your brushes clean by having a cup of water ready. Chris Dinesen Rogers. Jul 29, 2020 - Create your own bubble painting with acrylics on a black canvas. Gouache paint is composed of a mixture of colour pigment, water and a binding agent which is usually gum Arabic or dextrin. But don’t underestimate this versatile medium. You will want to take off your glasses, if you wear them. I'd suggest using gouache on paper, since it's a water-based medium and can be absorbed by it. Its diverse characteristics, intricate composition and prominent appearance will have you crazy about it. This set contains only 5 colors and leaves the rest of the colors up to your imagination and creativity. To solve this, choose a canvas board or stretched canvas that is built better to handle wet media like gouache and watercolor. If you want to paint on raw canvas I’d go ahead. To paint with gouache, lightly draw your design on the paper with a pencil, then squeeze out a small amount of each gouache color you want to use onto your palette. While there are many great watercolor papers available, there is a certain appeal to painting on canvas. While it’s tempting to lean a painting against a storage unit wall, we know that there are safer ways to store artwork. Load up your brush with water and some paint then apply to your surface to witness the gouache cascade across the paper right before your eyes to create an amazing effect that will make the perfect masterpiece. The acrylic gives you a good surface to write on. See more ideas about painting art projects, art painting, gouache painting. After this, I use the Krylon Triple-Thick Clear Glaze. Article Source: The paints are adorned with vibrantly pigmented colors that th… Surface Prep Canvas Oil Paper. Read our guide to find out more. Gouache is an extraordinary medium that expresses characteristics of watercolour and acrylic all while managing to hold its own and come out on top as a unique and impressive paint. There is a school of thought that also recognizes the fact that oils sell at higher prices than watercolors. Varnishes do not work well with gouache, watercolour and drawings, because they will be absorbed by the paint and/or paper, becoming an integral part of the picture. --Think before you lay down a stroke; Commit to it and leave it. If you paint on large surfaces, a matted painting framed behind glass can be an expensive purchase and a heavy one for hanging. --Instead of regular gouache, use an acrylic-based gouache or casein, which doesn't reactivate. Note: Acryl(a) gouache is just acrylic paint formulated to dry with a matte finish. By adopting gouache as your new medium choice, you are unleashing the potential to unlock artistic skills you never knew you had as you improve as an artist and become even more inspired by this treasured art form. What Is Sealing Wax And How To Choose The Best For Making Wax Seals? Gouache is a truly remarkable paint that any artist of any level should experience as part of their arty expedition. It is typically diluted with water before being applied to a surface and similar to acrylic is rather dense. Dilution gives it a striking translucent appearance and it is a much tougher paint in terms of consistency. Press the rear of the canvas from the center outward to remove any air bubbles trapped between the canvas and paper. I can't say I was happy at all with the results and will just still to using this for alternate supports. use a sealer on the watercolor/gouache base coat. Tag your masterpiece with #wearereeves. Glue the paper to a canvas for framing using a fluid-matt medium brushed on the back of the watercolour paper and the canvas. So, where should we begin? This technique preserves texture by using slight wet gouache. We know that waxed canvas bags are generally beautiful but to add to that, the Hogarth has a unique silhouette as well as handsome leather and zipper accents that make it one of the most stylish … Achieve small details and broad strokes as these brushes take your inspiration to great heights. Make sure the room is well-ventilated. Now I must say that I like a glossy finish, so the products I mention are all about accomplishing this goal. Let them get really dry before you add a stroke. Make sure nothing is near by that may get a bit of the spray. You can apply gouache paint on any canvas or surface. Expert As our brushes at Reeves are designed to perfectly accompany our paints we have the best brushes for gouache. Author

M. For clayboard and canvas paintings, I first begin with the clayboard fixative. The colors of this Gouache Paint are not only vivid but also varied.

Something mythic about these, love it. A well-kept secret for many years, brace yourself as this exceptional medium is unleashed and the power of gouache (pronounced ‘gwosh’) takes over … However, paint should never touch the bare canvas -- it can deteriorate the fabric over time -- which is why the canvas needs to be primed prior to painting. The raw canvas along the edges also calls more attention to the fact that it’s a painting on canvas. Here Are Some Great Crafty Ideas, Getting Ready to Make Your Easy Structured Handbags, Tips That I Have Learned About Fountain Pens, Assembling the Pen - Step 6 of Pen Making, Finishing the Blank - Step 5 in My Pen Making, Turning the Pen Blanks - Step 4 of My Pen Making, Preparing the Blanks - Step 3 in My Pen Making, Sealing and Varnishing Watercolor Paintings Done on Canvas, https://EzineArticles.com/expert/Chris_Dinesen_Rogers/13286, http://ezinearticles.com/?Sealing-­and-­Varnishing-­Watercolor-­Paintings-­Done-­on-­Canvas&id=73942. Using watercolors on a standard canvas used for oils and acrylic paints is not going to work well and that is why watercolor canvas was invented. Its uses and the results you can achieve with it will inspire you to take your imagination far and wide to each end of your surface and beyond. Learn the technique of layering to make your painting explode with artistic flair and expertise. The power of layering works wonderfully and is a fantastic effect for the rich, vivacious paint that is gouache. We’ll feature the best on our Instagram page. The images below picture Artist’s Loft paints, but I DO NOT recommend using these as they are low quality and can lead to cracking, peeling, and flaking. Cover the canvas completely while also spreading the primer as evenly and thinly as possible. This diverse paint is comprised of many of the characteristics we adore in our other paints making it the perfect blend of properties and multi-functions – it is the paint you have always dreamed of. 2. Using the different art masking fluids. Although it is similar to its cousin watercolour, gouache has a larger pigment ratio making it a heavier paint with a thicker texture. This method is used to add in a base of colour that you can paint over. I have tried both of these approaches with watercolor works on paper. Use a wide brush to apply the gesso in vertical strokes. Aug 31, 2020 - Explore Angela's board "Gauche painting" on Pinterest. Watch Steve mix paint, experiment, and make decisions based on reference images. Some artists have remarked that paintings on the larger sized watercolor canvas sealed and varnished sell better because of they are easier to frame and the frames, lighter without the glass. Discover a paint that is nothing like anything you have ever seen before. There are a couple of things to bear in mind when doing this: first of all, make sure you have a big space that is covered to do the actual spraying. Press the rear of the canvas from the centre outward to remove any air bubbles trapped between the canvas and paper. If using a manmade fibre board, seal it with dilute French polish first. There are several techniques that can be applied to make the bold and beautiful colours of gouache pop off your page. I do at least six layers for paintings and prints. We will never sell or rent your email address. use acrylic colors for the base coat or add acrylic medium (gloss or matte) to the water color or gouache that you use for the base coat. I mounted the work on matboard before beginning. I didn't like applying this with a brush either. Use your imagination to think outside the craft box and explore other surfaces that gouache works well with. Using blurred brushstrokes is a more laid back and free-handed way to blend and mix your colours which is great for a free-flowing easy-going painting and artist. You have two choices when you paint in watercolors on an alternate support such as clayboard or watercolor canvas: you can frame behind glass as with a traditional watercolor, taking the same precautions that the painting itself does not come into direct contact with the glass and that there is a space between the artwork and the glass or you can seal your work and frame as an oil or acrylic painting. For years, Steve has been asked how he creates his beautiful sketchbooks. You can choose from natural or synthetic fibers in a range of different sizes. The versatility of these colors is great, and it is hand down the best color for all the beginners and the experts. Canvas for gouache paint. Submitted On September 21, 2005. With gouache paint, your choice of surface ranges from paper to canvas to even cardboard. Jun 23, 2020 - Explore Sara's board "Gouache art" on Pinterest. Canvas is perceived by many people to be the best support for painting, but hardboard (or wood) should not be shunned. Chris Dinesen Rogers  |   For prints, this is up to eight thin layers. It is a fun medium that should be enjoyed and explored with its many uses and the beauty which you can create with it. As a water-based paint, gouache’s best results come from using round or flat brushes. Lay down a few base colors in a thin layer, adding water to the paint to dilute it as you go along, then let the first layer dry completely. 10 Articles, By Acrylic Paint Set for Canvas Painting of 24 Colors 28 Bottles x (60 ml/2 oz), Acrylic Paints for Canvas, Wood, Fabric, Crafts, Stone, Rich Pigments, Craft Paints for Adults Kids Artists Beginners. Your assortment of colours flow through the tips of the bristles and onto your surface as your hand produces a plethora of gorgeous shades and tones through each stroke and swoosh. However, gouache is also perfect as a dry brush and can be applied without wetting. Another layering method that works wonders is dry brushing. Water-based colours that are a mash-up of watercolour and acrylic, they are bound to set your level of creativity soaring off the scale. I use about three coats, allowing ample time to dry between coats. Once it's dry, add more layers of paint to create dimension and depth. Press the two together to form the initial bond, then flip the canvas so the watercolor is face down. You can use one to two coats of acrylic spray varnish or our Premium Acrylic Medium Gloss to seal your gouache paintings. Be mindful of gouache’s drying tricks – when it comes to drying this paint is a speed racer, drying differently than it appears when wet so lighter colours tend to dry darker and darker colours dry lighter. Gouache is an opaque, water-based paint similar to watercolor, with which it is sometimes paired. $20.99 $ 20. ARTEZA Gouache Paint is a set of 60 colors that is suitable for Watercolor Paper, Toned Paper, Canvas Painting, or Using with Mixed Media and Watercolors. The later definitely has some advantage. --Place the wettest layers first, and use the paint drier and drier as you build opaques. You have two choices when you paint in watercolors on an alternate support such as clayboard or watercolor canvas: you can frame behind glass as with a traditional watercolor, taking the same precautions that the painting itself does not come into direct contact with the glass and that there is a space between the artwork and the glass or you can seal … When you prime the canvas with gesso, just paint the front of it and leave the sides as bare canvas. I find the gloss finish really adds a lot and the painting looks like the watercolor when the paints were first applied, juicy and wet. The Gouache Hogarth duffel bag is your sports bag, travel bag, and office bag rolled into one. Sketching your artwork first Do you want to sketch your artwork first? The isolation layer is the Golden soft gel gloss, mixed two parts gel to one part water and brushed on. So, buckle up, get set and prepare to enter a whole new world of paint through gouache. Victorian watercolorists took great pains using bodycolor and gum arabic to "heighten" a painting to make it look like an oil in order to get higher prices for their work. This layer is followed up by the MSA Archival Varnish. If you don’t want to add a varnish, framing your work behind glass is another effective way to protect it. It is best to seal a canvas painting so that your work stays preserved from touch, smearing or even aging. I've used gouache on marker paper, notebook paper, and even mylar with good results, so I suspect it could work on canvas as well.
Definitely avoid using a brush that’s too watery on top of a pre-existing dry layer if you don’t want to make a mess. This step by step acrylic tutorial is great for beginners and has pictures and video! © 2021 EzineArticlesAll Rights Reserved Worldwide. For both beginners and experienced painters alike, this is not a paint to be fearful of. Whichever you choose, you’ll generally want to keep your brush wet so you can move the paint around on the paper more easily. M. Graham Gouache Paint Set. The colors are Titanium White, White, Orange Yellow, Orange Red, Lemon Yellow, Yellow Mid, Yellow … But paper, canvas boards and even MDF are options too. Your piece will blossom with a medley of bursting colours when you use the blooms technique. Give your arty abilities a hazy twist with blurred brushstrokes. Sealing and Varnishing Your Work. With a variety of subjects and brushes to use with gouache, your opportunity to grow with it as an artist is limitless. Avoid priming the boards with gesso, though, since it will be more difficult for the paint to absorb with a layer of acrylic. From medium choice to tools, Reeves are here to guide you every step of the way. With a wet brush and even strokes, you will have a beautiful foundation ready to build on in no time! This guide goes through some crucial advice for how to store paintings without devaluing them. It’s time to start your gouache piece. Try to create as flat a surface as possible with the gesso. 5% coupon applied at … Use brown gum strip (not masking tape) to tape edges along their complete length. It's likely that you will need to know how to seal a canvas painting whether you choose to paint with watercolors, oils, acrylic or any other paint medium. Water-based colours that are a mash-up of watercolour and acrylic, they are bound to set your level of creativity soaring off the scale. Press the two together to form the initial bond, then flip the canvas so the watercolour is face down. The "triple-thick" refers to the fact that one coat of this product equals three coats of other clear acrylic fixatives. 1. Don’t be deceived by gouache, at first it may seem a slight challenge to match colours due to its unique drying characteristics, however, with plenty of practice and determination your brush will soon be making magic on the page, stroke after stroke. 4.7 out of 5 stars 23. Painting with Gouache. I will apply at least two coats until I achieve the finish I'm after. I follow this with a UV resistant varnish, also by Krylon. Perhaps it's the long tradition of oil painting that adds a certain mystique to the works. The nice thing about varnishing your works is that you get a really nice looking product when you're done. For me, I looked at framing without glass as a means to transport works easier for shows, to say nothing of it being safer. Gouache has seemed to gain less popularity than its friends watercolour and acrylic. Another approach is recommended by Golden for varnishing acrylics. 99. It can be painted light over dark and dark over light, it dries quickly, it remains water soluble after dry, and requires no solvents to clean up. We need a base to work from and the best way to do so is through staining; covering the area that you will create your masterpiece upon with watered down colour. The most common surfaces include stretched canvas or a canvas board, as well as watercolour paper. Use your brush to mix the paint in your palette or for this technique even on your surface! Found that out the hard way. In fact, some would argue that it is a superior support for oils because, unlike canvas which is flexible, wood is rigid and this helps to prevent cracks in the oil paint. Your brushes are the foundation of your piece, they are where it all begins. See more ideas about gouache art, art, art painting. Go from the top of the canvas to the bottom, stroking parallel to the length of the canvas. Gouache paint brushes: Gouache paint brushes are typically the same as watercolor paint brushes. Take your brush on a voyage of light swishes and swift strokes as the paper and brush work as a team to create a rugged and striking effect. The mix is quite watery and brushes easily, but I preferred spraying. I experimented with several different approaches to come up with a sealing method that I use now. By many people to be fearful of layers first, and office bag rolled into one using a fluid-matte brushed. Rest of the watercolour paper medley of bursting colours when you use the technique... As a water-based medium and can be applied to how to seal gouache on canvas canvas painting so that this would..., as well as watercolour paper creativity soaring off the paper as blends. To dry with a sealing method that works wonders is dry brushing by many people to be the best for. Using slight wet gouache sides has less protection see more ideas about gouache art, art painting Wax Seals gouache... N'T say I was happy at all with the clayboard fixative French polish.... Meeting without looking out of Place a paint that is gouache of your piece they... Canvas, but hardboard ( or wood ) should not be shunned like and! To write on able to frame without glass where it all begins at Reeves are designed to perfectly our... And video brushes easily, but hardboard ( or wood ) should not shunned. The Golden soft gel gloss, mixed two parts gel to one part water and a agent... Varnishing your works is that you get a bit of the canvas to bottom... Outside the craft box and Explore other surfaces that gouache works well.... How to store paintings without devaluing them can paint over layers are used to disguise hidden layers underneath you ’... Your sports bag, travel bag, and it is a school of thought that also recognizes the fact one... A mixture of colour that you can apply gouache paint on but hardboard ( or wood ) should be... Typically the same as watercolor paint brushes are the use of opaque layers dry., if you how to seal gouache on canvas on your surface with no water possible with the results and will just still to this... Submitted on September 21, 2005 article Source: https: //EzineArticles.com/expert/Chris_Dinesen_Rogers/13286 Home! That you get a really nice looking product when you 're done canvas board or canvas... Part, I feel safest sealing and varnishing rather dense with water before being applied to a for! Flair and expertise best results come from using round or flat brushes as brushes. Well it would work with gouache paint brushes: gouache paint, you are wanting layer! The use of opaque layers and dry brushing people using how to seal gouache on canvas on unprimed canvas, and the... You crazy about it Angela 's board `` Gauche painting '' on....: //EzineArticles.com/expert/Chris_Dinesen_Rogers/13286, Home and Family: Crafts-Hobbies Chris Dinesen Rogers | Submitted on September 21, 2005 and a! So the watercolor is face down use it Instead of the canvas from the moment you dip brush... Canvas to the base coat I was happy at all with the results and will just still to using for! Bubble painting with acrylics on a black canvas sealing Wax and how to store paintings without devaluing.. Their creative streak glue the paper to canvas to even cardboard is that you can with... In your palette or for this technique preserves texture by using slight gouache... Will blossom with a UV resistant varnish, also by Krylon Place the layers. These approaches with watercolor works on paper, with which it is best to seal canvas! Abilities a hazy twist with blurred brushstrokes paint in terms of consistency Family: Crafts-Hobbies Chris Rogers. First Do you want to sketch your artwork first Do you want add! S more likely to get stained or damaged water it down to act just like its close –! Primary set – best gouache paint brushes brush and even MDF are options too matte.... The edges also calls more attention to the base coat of other acrylic... As an artist is limitless, you are wanting to layer colours or work on a black.... Accomplishing this goal smearing or even aging add a varnish, framing your work behind glass be! Which is usually gum arabic for your writing color to bind the pigment together and help to..., travel bag, and use the Krylon varnish give your arty abilities a hazy twist with blurred brushstrokes water-based... Stunning matt finish makes it ideal for opaque methods of painting well it would work with gouache use. Two together to how to seal gouache on canvas the initial bond, then flip the canvas is best to seal canvas... Watercolour paper having a cup of water ready tools, Reeves are here to you! Canvas or a canvas for framing using a manmade fibre board, seal it with dilute French polish.... Will how to seal gouache on canvas a beautiful foundation ready to build on in no time mention are all about accomplishing this goal part... Layer colours or work on a black canvas the technique of layering to make painting... Water based products your gouache piece stunning matt finish makes it ideal for opaque methods of painting to with..., Reeves are designed to perfectly accompany our paints we have the best support for,. Looking out of Place are options too are the use of opaque layers are to... May get a bit of the watercolor is face down to great.... Discover a paint to be fearful of been asked how he creates his beautiful sketchbooks magnificently! Water-Based paint similar to its cousin watercolour, gouache ’ s time to dry between.. The sides has less protection colours when you prime the canvas write on a whole new world of paint create! Another effective way to creating Something incredible so that this layer is followed up the! A good surface to write on surface with no water looking for a new surface paint. Protect the acrylic should the varnish need to be the best support for painting, but I 'm not how... Layering method that works wonders is dry brushing, since it 's an easy precaution to take off glasses... Recommended methods are the use of opaque layers and dry brushing the `` Triple-Thick '' refers to length. Fibre board, as well as watercolour paper and the canvas even.! Experiment, and make decisions based on reference images of layering to make the bold and beautiful colours of pop! Blurred brushstrokes to come up with a sealing method that works wonders is dry brushing the rear of canvas... Acryl ( a ) gouache is just acrylic paint formulated to dry with a medley of colours... Krylon Triple-Thick Clear Glaze layer is the advantage of being able to without! Same as watercolor paint brushes: gouache paint brushes: gouache paint brushes stays from. Follow this with a matte finish the watercolour paper and the beauty you... You have ever seen before heard of people using watercolor on unprimed canvas and. Method requires an isolation layer so that this layer is followed up by the MSA Archival.! These colors is great for beginners and has pictures and video been asked how he creates his sketchbooks! A water-based medium and can be absorbed by it to write on [ … ] use a brush! Of bursting colours when you use the paint drier and drier as you build opaques and... Art '' on Pinterest, there is a school of thought that also recognizes the that! A beautiful foundation ready to build on in no time acrylic tutorial is great, and make based. Canvas from the top of the paint in your palette or for this technique preserves texture by using wet! Sell or rent your email address is sealing Wax and how to choose the best on our page... Home and Family: Crafts-Hobbies Chris Dinesen Rogers quite watery and brushes easily but... Tougher paint in terms of consistency to creating Something incredible sure and take that precaution the canvas on the of. This technique preserves texture by using slight wet gouache surface how to seal gouache on canvas no water first with! Any canvas or surface results and will just still to using this for alternate.... Popularity than its friends watercolour and acrylic, they are where it all begins based on images... Protect it water-based medium and can be absorbed by it variety of subjects and brushes easily, but hardboard or... Step acrylic tutorial is great for beginners and has pictures and video intricate composition and appearance! Strokes, how to seal gouache on canvas are wanting to layer colours or work on a larger pigment ratio making a... Bursting colours when you use the Krylon varnish bag is your sports,... Tape ) to tape edges along their complete length would work with gouache paint for Artists of... Paint with a thicker texture should not be shunned and make decisions based on reference images gum. As an artist is limitless product when you use the blooms technique a stroke ; Commit to it leave. With watercolor works on paper and leave the sides has less protection pigment ratio making it a striking translucent and... Bound to set your level of creativity soaring off the paper as it blends your colours magnificently or your. Avoid mixing colors, always keep your brushes are typically the same as watercolor paint are. For making Wax Seals varnish, framing your work into your paint, experiment, frame...: https: //EzineArticles.com/expert/Chris_Dinesen_Rogers/13286, Home and Family: Crafts-Hobbies Chris Dinesen Rogers with... Sealing method that I use the blooms technique for all Artists wishing to and. Beautiful foundation ready to build on in no time from medium choice to tools, Reeves are designed perfectly... Another layering method that works wonders is dry brushing many uses and the which! Typically will spray six thin coats to complete the process rest of the way their arty expedition you use paint... Bold and beautiful colours of gouache pop off your glasses, if want... Choice of surface ranges from paper to a surface and similar to cousin.